Where is art displayed? – Matt Bowman

This was a lecture about the different places that art is displayed, both old and new.

Galleries, catwalks, environment, spaces

Marcel Duchamp – fountain 1917
‘Created a new thought from an object’

Gallery and museum – a natural home for show
But not the only place it can be displayed

Cabinet of curiosities/wunderkummer – early form of a museum – ferrante imperato’s ‘dell’historia naturale 1577
Skeletons of animals and mythical creatures

The first museums and their dates
British museum 1759
The hermitage museum 1764
The uffizi gallery 1765
The louvre 1793
The national gallery 1824
The Victoria Albert museum 1852
Items from families and churches
Many paintings were painted straight onto the wall, the picture frame wasn’t invented yet

The great exhibition of the works of industry of all nations 1862 1872
Londons Hyde park
Fashion was not art until subjected though a number of elements

‘White cube exhibitions’ – Barr – White Walls for paintings – cleaner and clearer
Tate modern now uses it – the standard of showing 
St Petersburg hanging – paintings covering every space of the wall 

Art market 
Primary – first hand sales of artwork, galleries would take 50%commissions
Source collectors, hold private showings, arrange loans of artwork for external exhibitions, offer a stipend 
Don’t sell to people that don’t care for the art or that just have money to spare

Secondary – auction houses, resell previously sold artworks through the ‘English auction mechanism’, consists of half of the market
Gernard richter, abstract picture 1994, most expensive artwork produced by a living artist £21.3 million 
1998-2008 Comteporary art auction sales $48million – $1.3billion 
Andreas Gursky Prada I 1996 
Prada II 
untitled 5 (Prada III) 1997
Rhine II 1999 – $4.3million 

Symbolic values – trade in this
Not reliant upon material costs or economic values 

Art can’t be reduced to commercial value 
Art-for-arts-sake – art has no other purpose than itself 
The idea of autonomy – expression of freedom and self-expression 
Dada and constructivism – trying to destroy the institution of art and art-for-arts-sake and reconnect art and life 
Raoul Haussmann ‘tatlin at home’ 1920
James turrell Afrum I 1966
Pieces of art that you can’t hang in your garden, art can’t be bought and sold too easily and solves the problem for artists 
Incidents of mirror Tavel in the tucation 
Homes for America, Dan graham, 1966 – magazine pages 
Claire Copley gallery exhibition, Michael Asher, 1974
Daniel Buren, stripes, places outside anywhere, 
Watch the doors please, people would walk through the doors and into the gallery on the public transport

Where is fashion/textiles displayed?

Catwalk – White cube space
LFW
Anywhere – audience – present/online
Film/Internet/Video
Warehouse- space and relevance 
Statley home
Shopping centres 
Underground car park
Art centre
Church
MFI
Stanstead airport

Users of White cube space –
IKEA 
Haute coutiers 
Japan designers

Fashion designers showing in Galleries
Vivienne Westwood 
Alexander McQueen
Versace
Armani 
Jean Paul Gaultier 

Catwalk
Haute – art/ conceptual 
Ready to wear – commercial
General – commercial 

\/ Owed by H&M
Cos x palaise de Tokyo 
A shop supporting a artist
Minimal

Pharrell williams 
Singer/producer/artist/celebrity
Had a book signing in a Marc Jacobs shop
Marc Jacobs – fashion designer

Film
Show studio 
Pharrell film, reincarnating Chanel
‘I’m going to make it for myself’ the inconic Chanel jacket

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